Date of Award
Master of Applied Science (MASc)
The spatial variations of liquid distribution and local mass transfer coefficient in a 0.30-m column of 25.4-m Pall rings were investigated. The data of liquid distribution was collected with a 39-cell liquid collector and a wall-flow tube from a doubled-wall section in the column at the packing-support level. The local mass transfer coefficients were measured via the electrochemical technique by individual cathodic nickel-coated Pall rings placed at various spatial positions. Both measurements were conducted at various fluid flow rates with three liquid distributor designs at different bed heights. Liquid distribution and local mass transfer coefficients observed were far from uniform in the column. The wall flow developed along the packed bed until a fully developed flow pattern was reached. With more uniform initial liquid distribution, the less packing height needed to reach the fully developed flow pattern along with higher the mass transfer efficiency in the column. Ladder-type liquid distributor (LLD) showed less angular effect in measurements. Increasing the liquid flow rate slightly improved the uniformity of liquid distribution and enhanced the mass transfer. No influence of gas flow rate on liquid distribution and mass transfer coefficient was found at the range of gas flow rates used. These gas flow rates were much lower than the loading point. Liquid maldistribution factor and mass transfer maldistribution factor decreased with increases in the uniformity of the initial liquid distribution. These values were 0.21(0.48). 0.16(0.26) and 0.14(0.22) for single-point liquid distributor (SPLD), cross-type liquid distributor (CLD) and LLD, respectively. By comparison, a good agreement was observed on the relation of liquid maldistribution factor and mass transfer maldistribution factor.
Zhu, Yongjia, "Liquid distribution and its effect on local mass transfer in a packed column of Pall rings" (2005). Theses and dissertations. Paper 417.