The transmission of medical knowledge can be traced to some of the earliest writings in human history. Yet a particularly fruitful period for advancement in medical science emerged with the rise of Islam. For the most part, Western scholarship belittles the contribution of the physicians of the Islamic world. They are usually perceived as simple purveyors of Greek science to the scholars of the Renaissance. However, the facts show otherwise.
Hehmeyer, Ingrid and Khan, Aliya, "Islam's forgotten contributions to medical science" (2007). History Publications and Research. Paper 3.