We demonstrate here how discreet event simulation can be used to integrating ergonomics into design processes. In this case we test the effect of two different ways of organizing work within a conventional production line layout. We pay special attention to the sensitivity of the system to human factors such as work autonomy and reduced work pace. Results indicate the general superiority of a ‘dual-cell’ over a ‘chase-the-rabbit’ organization in accommodating human variability. The study shows how human considerations can be tested in the design process using flow simulation.
Neumann, W.P. and P. Medbo. Can assembly performance and work environment be jointly optimized? An example discreet event simulation study. (2005) 10th International Conference on Human Aspects of Advanced Manufacturing: Agility and Hybrid Automation - HAAMAHA 2005, San Diego, USA